Economic Perspective, Cultural Perspectives, and Sharia Perspective in Revenue Sharing For Village Economic Empowerment (Case Study on Gaduh Culture in East Java)

Moch. Khoirul Anwar, Hariyati Hariyati

Abstract


Theoretically, revenue is one of local wisdom community empowerment models which is effective nowadays. This model is based on potential and social fabric conditions of the local community. The study aims to analyze the influence of the economic perspectives, cultural perspective and sharia perspective on revenue of society’s income in East Java.


This study uses a mixed methods study, with a qualitative and quantitative approach. The population and samples are the society in Blitar, Jombang, and Madiun. The result of the qualitative analysis showed that there are three (3) models of implementasion in cow-calf lease agreement (gaduh) and share farming (paron) system. The first model implements profit sharing system by taking maintenance cost into account. The second model implements sharing system as well but it takes farming workers in the deficit of profit cost into account. The revenue that is based on profit sharing is still in 50:50. While the third model uses revenue sharing system without taking administration and workers cost as the cost component. However, the revenue proportion becomes 75:25. Those models are reviewed from shariah perspective, economic perspective and cultural perspective. From quantitative analysis showed that economic perspective has bigger influence.


Keywords: Economic Perspectives, Mixed Method, Profit Sharing, Revenue, Shariah Perspective


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman, H. (2005). Mauqif al-shari’ah al-Islamiyah min al-Bunuk. Kairo: Dar al-Salam.

Antara. (2011). http://www.antarakaltim.com/print/10583/program-pengadaan-bibit-sapi-berau-tidak-gagal. Diunduh 22 April 2013.

Atmojo, A. S. (2012). Perjanjian Bagi Hasil Ternak Sapi Antara Peternak dengan Dinas Peternakan Kabupaten Kulonprogo. Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Berita Resmi Statistik No. 75/11/Th. XV, 5 November 2012.

Bintarto, R. (1980). Gotong-Royong : Suatu Karakteristik Bangsa Indonesia. Surabaya : PT. Bina Ilmu.

Burnita, M. (2010). Sistem Bagi Hasil dan Pola Hubungan Sosial Antara Petani Pemilik Dengan Petani Penggarap di Pedesaan Sumatera Barat (Studi Kasus pada Masyarakat Kenagarian Limo Koto, Kecamatan Bonjol, Kabupaten Pasaman). Padang; Universitas Andalas.

Chapra, M.U. (2001). The Future of Economics: An Islamic Perspective. Jakarta: Shari,ah Economics and Banking Institute (SEBI).

Haneef, M. A. (2006). Pemikiran Ekonomi Islam Kontemporer. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Hosen, M. N., Ali, H., & Muhtasib, B. (2008). Ekonomi Syariah. Jakarta: Pusat Komunikasi Ekonomi Syariah (PKES).

Iko, H. (2008). Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Bagi Hasil Tanah Pertanian di Kecamatan Bulakamba Kabupaten Brebes Jawa Tengah. Semarang: Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

Isnawati, L. (2008). Pemanfaatan Gadai Sawah di Dukuh Brunggang Sangen, Desa Krajan, Kecamatan Weru, Kabupaten Sukoharjo (Sebuah Kajian Normatif dan Sosiologi Hukum Islam). Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Sunan Kalijaga.

Kayam, U. Prisma No.3 Th XVI 1987. Keselarasan dan Kebersamaan : Suatu Penjelajahan Awal. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Khairudin, M. (2009). Praktik Bagi Hasil Nggado Sapi di Desa Grantung Kecamata Bayan Kabupaten Purworejo Menurut Hukum Islam. Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga.

Khan, A. (2008). Kapitalisme di Ujung Tanduk. Jakarta: Pustaka Tharikul Izzah.

Koentjaraningrat. (1983). Ciri-Ciri Kehidupan Masyarakat Pedesaan di Indonesia. dalam Sajogyo dan Sajogyo, Pudjiwati. Sosiologi Pedesaan. Jilid 1. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Koentjaraningrat. (1990). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta LG-035/red.003. 2013. Ternak Bagi Hasil Peternakan Ketapang Mulai Jadi Sumber PAD. http://www.lintasgayo.com/34868/ternak-bagi-hasil-peternakan-ketapang-mulai-jadi-sumber-pad.html. Diunduh 22 April 2013.

Lubis, S. K. (2000). Hukum Ekonomi Islam. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika

Mardani. (2012). Fiqh Ekonomi Syari'ah. Jakarta: Kencana.

Edwin, M., dkk. (2006). Pengenalan Eksklusif Ekonomi Islam. Jakarta: Kencana.

Efendi, N. M. (2002). Islam and Business. Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications.

Parsons, T. (1951). The Social System. New York : Amerind Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

Syafi’i, R. (2004). Fiqih Muamalah. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah (RPJMD) Kabupaten Blitar 2011-2016.

Rozalinda. (2005). Fiqh Muamalah dan Aplikasinya Pada Perbankan Syariah. Padang: Hayfa Press.

Saepudin, E. (2012). http://www.aktual.co/ekonomi/123745swasembada-sapi-2014-dipastikan-gagal-total-. Diunduh 22 April 2013.

Sajogyo., & Sajogyo, P. (1992). Sosiologi Pedesaan (Jilid 1 dan 2). Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press.

Sakti, A. (2007). Analisis Teoritis Ekonomi Islam. Paradigma dan aqsa opublishing.

Saputra, D. (2009). Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Bagi Hasil Sawah di Kecamatan Kamang Magek Kabupaten Agam. Padang: Universitas Andalas.

Syafi’i, R. (2004). Fiqih Muamalah. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

T.pso-099/R007 . 2010. http://makassar.antaranews.com/berita/17285/program-sejuta-sapi-sulsel-terancam-gagal. Diunduh 22 April 2013.

Tan, I. (2009) .Bisnis dan Investasi Sistem Syari’ah. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya.

Tashadi, M., Gatot, S., & Sukirman. (1982). Sistem Gotong Royong dalam Masyarakat Pedesaan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Wahyu. (2012). http://fakfakinfo.com/2012/01/karena-%E2%80%9Csbg%E2%80%9D-program-sapi-bomberay-terancam-gagal/ Diunduh 22 April 2013.

Web site resmi kabupaten blitar. http://www.blitarkab.go.id/?p=272. Diunduh 22 April 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.